بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Wudu - ablution

Wudu is a ritual ablution central to a Muslim's worship of Allah the Most High. We perform it several times a day to be able to stand for prayer. Thus, wudu is often called the "key" to prayer.

What cannot be done without wudu?

The following actions must not be done without wudu:

What invalidates wudu? When to perform it?

Wudu is nullified by several things. The most common are the following three:

Other things that nullify wudu are these four:


Clean vaginal discharge does not invalidate wudu.

What are the obligatory integrals of Wudu?

Wudu has four obligatory actions: 

When washing the face, arms and feet the water has to cover all the demarcated areas, without leaving a dry place. The difference between washing and wiping is that washing must have water dripping, with the minimum of two drops.


Thick beard: for someone with a really thick beard it is enough to wash the beard's exterior above the face line.

Substances preventing water: all substances (such as nail polish) blocking water from reaching the nails or skin of the parts being washed have to be removed before performing the wudu.

Wounds on the body: If one has wounds, it is sufficient to wipe the wounds or the bandage covering them, and wash what is possible. If the majority of one's limbs are injured, then he performs tayammum instead of wudu.

Not having ghusl: if one is in state of major ritual impurity, then he has to perform ghusl instead. Since ghusl involves washing one's entire body, there is no need to perform wudu separate from ghusl.

How to perform wudu according to sunnah?

To observe the main sunnahs of wudu, one should perform it in the following manner:


Continuity and order: one should keep the order of the aforementioned actions and do them one after another without breaks.

Rubbing: one should also rub the body parts while washing them.

Wudu during fasting: when fasting one must be careful to not let water down the throat while rinsing mouth and nose.

Disliked actions: one should not waste too much water, or use too little of it such that washing becomes wiping. Also one should avoid speaking while making wudu with the exception of making the appropriate duas.